Sandiego Azadaar

Islam is itself destiny and will not suffer destiny.

What is Islam?

Islam means "submission to the will of God." Islam teaches belief in only one God, the Day of Judgment and individual accountability for actions. Islam greatly values calmness; in reality that the traditional Muslim greeting is 'Salaam' which means "peace."

Who is “Allah”?

"Allah" is simply the Arabic word for God, the exact same God worshiped by Christians and Jews. It is the God of Abraham and Moses, not a different God. Christian Arabs also refer to God as "Allah".

What is the Quran/Koran?

The Quran is the sacred book of Islam. Muslims believe that the Quran was divinely revealed and is the final testament of God. The Quran is maintained in its original Arabic form and hasn't been changed.

What is an Islamic Fundamentalist?

This expression has no basis in Islam. This term is incorrectly used in the media to refer to a Middle Eastern people and doesn't represent Muslims.

What is a Mosque/Masjid?

A Mosque or Masjid is a place of worship for Muslims. Muslims pray in a mosque in precisely the exact same way that Christians pray in a church.

Where can I learn more about Islam?

One way to find out about Islam is to read an authentic translation of the Quran. Most libraries carry an English translation by Abdullah Yusuf Ali.

About

Welcome to SanDiegoAzadaar. We are Azadaran-e-Hussain (A.S.) located in the San Diego Region. We are dedicated to the service of the Urdu Speaking Shia Ithna Asheri Muslims of San Diego, CA. We meet weekly for Dua-e-Kumayl, and on other occasions for programs such as Majalis, Jashn and Aamaal.

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Islam and Its History

Islam:

Islam is a religion based on monotheism, and it says to worship and obeys God “Allah” alone.  Islam is is the religion which Allah approves for His slaves. The person who enters this religion is called a Muslim (one who submits) because he has presented to all the rulings that have come from Allah and the Messenger of Allah. Allah says (interpretation of the meaning) in Quran

“Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin ( a doer of  good who does good deeds solely for the sake of Allah) then his reward is with his Lord (Allah), on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve”

History of Islam

The Muhammad Prophet (570-632) got the ultimate knowledge of 610 in the hills of Mecca. When he started preaching, the rich people of Mecca considered it a threat to their social and religious system and opposed them. Finally, in 622 he had to travel from Mecca to Medina with his followers. This journey is called Hijra, and from here it starts the Islamic calendar. The lives of the people of Medina were troubled by mutual battles, and the messages of Hazrat Muhammad Sahib made them very popular there. In 630, Hazrat Muhammad Sahib attacked Mecca for his violation of a treaty with his followers. Makkavans surrendered and accepted Islam. Kabra, located in Mecca, was declared a holy place of Islam. Prophet Muhammad died in 632. However, till his death, all the tribes of Arabia became part of a political and social civilisation with the influence of Islam.

The composition of various Muslim empires and modern Islam

The Fatimid dynasty (9-111171), which was the Shia, established parts of North Africa and established its independent khilafat (although this khilafat considers maximum Muslims today illegal). In Malmo, the tribe of slave soldiers made in Egypt acquired power in 1250. When the Mongols defeated the Abbasi in Baghdad in 1258, then Abbasi Khalifa went to the refuge of the Empire of Egypt, like a name Nihad celebrity. In Asia, Mongols occupied many empires and left Buddhism and accepted Islam. Conflicts started growing even among Muslim empires, and Christians Saladin of the Ayubid dynasty won back the Jerusalem in 1187, which had come to Christians in the first Salabi war (10 96-1099). The effect of Osmani Empire (1299-1924) began to increase from the 13th and 14th centuries. He subdued many territories of southern and eastern Europe and North Africa. The Khilafat is now legally started to be of Osmani descent. In Iraan the Shia Saffi’s lineage (1501-1722) and the Delhi Sultans in India (1206-1527) and later the rule of the Mughal Empire (1526-1857).

From the ninth century onwards, the feeling of a religious mysticism started to grow in Islam, which is called Sufi. Ghazali (1058-1111) had given some arguments about the meaning of Sufism and the futility of philosophy that the emphasis on philosophy began to decline. The system of Sufi poeticism is now born. The Masayanavi of Rumi (1207-1273) is a prime example of this. Due to the Sufis, many Muslims started attracting towards religion. Many other religions also accepted Islam. Sufis had much influence in India and Indonesia. Indian Sufi saints like Moinuddin Chishti, Baba Farid and Nizamuddin, were part of this episode.

After the defeat of Turkey’s 1st World War in 1924, the Osmani Empire ended, and the Khilafat was over. Islam has spread in Europe and America because of the migration of other Muslims to other countries. Due to the production of oil in Arab Dashes, their economy improved very rapidly. There were several Renaissance movements in Islam in the 19th and 20th centuries. Of these, Salfi and Deobandi are the main ones. An anti-Western sentiment also developed, with some Muslims becoming attracted to radicalism.

Islam: A big religion to understand well

Islam is a big religion, based on the teachings of the Qur’an, according to its followers, the last divine book, Allah’s final Rasool and prophet, Muhammad, was delivered to humans. The Qur’an is in Arabic, and in this language, 25% of the world’s population read by approximately 1.6 to 1.8 billion people of these (according to the sources) this is the mother tongue of about 20 to 30 million people. Shariat, the book written by Hazrat Muhammad Saheb, and the instruction to follow the book, is the only two such resources that are given the correct information to the information source of Islam.

Allah: The God of Islam

Muslims believe in one God, whom they call Allah. Monotheism is called Tauhid in Arabic, which comes from Wahid, which means one. In Islam, God is beyond human understanding. Instead of imagining God, Muslims have been asked to pray and cheer. According to Muslims, God is unique – nobody else is like him. Islam has emphasised a unique concept of God and believed that its complete description is beyond human beings.

Mediums of Allah: Prophets and Messengers

According to Islam, God has made some person his messenger from time to time to guide human beings on earth. Around 124,000 Prophets were sent to give a message to worship God. This messenger was also among the people and used to call people towards God. God communicated with these messengers with various forms. These are called Prophets in Islam. The Prophets who gave themselves books, scriptures or religious books are called Rasool. Muhammad Sahib was also a part of this episode. The name of the religious text that sent to them is the Qur’an. In Qur’an, there are 25 other Prophets of Allah is mentioned. According to the Qur’an itself, in addition to these Prophets, God has sent many other Prophets on the earth whose description is not in the Qur’an. All Muslims accept the validity of all the Prophets sent by God and the Muslims consider Muhammad as the last prophet of God.

Religious books

All religious books given to the messengers of Allah are valid for Muslims. According to the Muslims, the Quran is the last holy book given to man by God. There are four more books mentioned in the Quran

Sauf A Ibrahimi, which sent upon to Hazrat Ibrahim. It is now extinct.

Tauraat (Torah), which sent upon to Hazrat Musa

Zaboor, which sent upon to Hazrat Dawood.

Injeel (The Bible) which sent upon to Hazrat Isa.

Day of Reckoning

In Islam similar to other religions of Central Asia (Christian and Jewish), the end of the universe is considered by the Day of Judgment. According to this God will end the world one day. When this day comes, its accurate information is only to God. According to Islam, all dead people will resurrect that day, and those who live their life as per Allah’s command will send to heaven, and those who refuse to obey their orders will burn in Hell.

Destiny

Muslims believe in destiny. The meaning of fate is for them that God knows all about the past, present, and future. No incident can happen without its permission. Humans have the freedom to live their desires, but this permission is given to them by God. According to Islam, man is responsible for his misdeeds, because he decides to do or not to do. His evil deeds are also pre-knowledge to God.

5 Things about Islam you should know

Islam has taken a massive beating, and people blame the religion for the violence that is caused in the world. Unfortunately, it is not the case, and we need to understand and respect the choices of faith made by others. We cannot blame the religion for the mistakes the community creates, and we need to learn to imbibe the concept of living and let live.

Islam is peace

The following are some of the things about Islam you should know:

Women and men enjoy the same rights spiritually:

We think that we women are suppressed in the Muslim community but in Quran, it is said that men and women are equal. The gender inequalities are due to cultural practices and not from religious traditions. Men and women enjoy the same rights both spiritually and socially. We might not be aware of it, but many Islamic states and countries have had female leaders. Some of those countries include Pakistan, Bangladesh, Turkey, and Indonesia.

The religion of peace:

Islam is a religion of peace; violence and suicide missions are un-Islamic. We often see lots of news and have the feeling that muslins are violent. But just because a community does a particular thing, it does not mean that the entire religion is filled with violent natured people. They believe that God does not like any sorts of disturbances to peace and they describe it as the paths of peace. Quarn states that God does not love aggressors and people who cause disturbances.

Muslims worship Allah and not Prophet Muhammad:

As per Islamic belief, Prophet Muhammad was the last Messenger of God. Many believe that Muslims worship Muhammad and many refer to them as Mohammedans. The prophet preached about worshipping God Almighty and emphasized humanity, and he asked people to see to him as the messenger of God and his slave. He was chosen to be God’s last messenger, to communicate the message in words and as a living example. People loved and respected him as he had a great moral character and he told the truth about God.

Islam has a deep commitment to Social Justice:

Ramadan is a practice which all Muslims follow to understand how poor people feel when they are hungry. It is one of the five pillars of Islam to help the poor by donation of Zakat which means purification. They must give away 2.5% of their savings to the poor. Muslims tend to focus on their inner spiritual journey and believe that fasting is an excellent teacher of compassion.

Pillars of Islam:

Quran states that all Muslims need to accept and follow the pillars of Islam. These pillars represent the core denominator that brings all the Muslims together and distinguishes it from other religions. One has to have the dedication and when people meet the obligations reinforces an ongoing presence of God.

Things you didn’t know about the Quran

The holy text of Islamic faith is the Quran. Most of us think Muslims are violent and aggressive, but we seldom take a look at the Quran and understand the source of Muslim lifestyle. The book is full of surprises for those who are not familiar with the text. The book has a long history and has many fascinating stories, facts, and traditions.

Quran

The following are some of the things you did not know about Quran:

Quran was said to be delivered by Angels:

Angels are supposed to visit people to convey messages from God in the Old Testament. It is believed that angel Gabriel had given the Quran to Prophet Muhammad and he disseminated the text to the rest of the world. It is supposed that Angel Gabriel visited the Prophet in an isolated cave and asked him to recite a couple of verses. He began to protest in fear, but the Angel grabbed him and quoted the verse.

There are some rules on how the text should be handled:

Our culture thrives on certain rules; Islam also has etiquettes about handling the Quran. Since Muslims consider the Quran as a holy book, they have a right way to handle the text. You need to be clean and perform the purification ritual which is also known as Wudu. In this routine, there is a ceremonial washing of the body, and you need to refrain from any act of uncleanliness. If you are not in a state of Wudu, then you cannot even carry a Quran, and while reading the book, you cannot use your saliva to turn the pages.

Free will:

Quran discourages adhering to things without substantial reason. You must not blindly follow a particular way of life but use your senses to analyze the issue and respond accordingly. Quran states that God does not like people who do not use their intellect. Humans can reason and think, so Muslims are expected to verify any information before passing it to other people.

Acceptance of other beliefs:

Quran teaches Muslims to be adherent to intolerant views of other faiths. The book also mentions that God will judge those who are not in touch with him, but it does not say that Muslims must punish or mistreat those who do not believe in Allah. The text says that there should be no compulsion in matters of faith. Prophet Mohammad preached the teaching in Quran, but he did not force anyone into the religion. You have a free choice to make your ethical decision. If you want to read more about spirituality, morality and religious imagery and symbols please check out the blog: ailasrunor.se – a great spiritual blog.

The religion of Peace:

Most of us think that Quran encourages all the violent acts done by the people of the world. It may surprise most of us that Quran teaches and promotes kindness to one another and it is a book of peace. If one kills a man, then it is considered as if he killed the entire humanity and if he saves one man, then it is said that he has saved all humankind.

Prophet Muhammad and the Origins of Islam

Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad is said to be the last messenger of God. He was a chosen recipient and was a messenger of God through the divine revelations. Muslims follow the teachings of Muhammad. The origin of Islam is said to be tracked back in the 7th century in Saudi Arabia.

Origins of Islam

The Early life of Prophet Muhammad:

Muhammad was born to a ruling clan in Mecca called the Quraish around 570 A.D. Quarish people were said to be great merchants. They found several trade routes that intersected at Mecca for them to take their trade to control the business in the West Coast of Arabia and north of Syria.

Muhammad’s father was named “Abd Allah ibn” Abd al-Muttalib, and he died before the Muhammad was born. His mother was named, Aminah, and unfortunately, she also died when he was six.  The boy was now orphaned and was consigned to the care of his grandfather who was the head of the clan of Hashim.  Once his grandfather died, Muhammad was raised by his uncle, Abu Talib.  It was a custom for him to live with Bedouin family for two years.

Muhammad faced many hardships in his desert life, but he acquired a taste for the rich language which is loved by the Arabs. He also learned patience and forbearance of the herdsmen, with whom he shared the life of solitude.

Muhammad was hired by a wealthy widow named Khadija, to ensure the safe passage of her caravans to Syria. Both of them eventually got married and had two sons and four daughters.

Divine revelations:

In his forties, Muhammad began to retire and meditate in a cave on Mount Hira which is just outside Mecca; this is the place where one of the most significant events of Islam took place.  As he was sitting in the cave and meditating he heard a voice and later identified it to be Angel Gabriel. The Angel asked him to recite the verse from Quran but for the first three times, he said he would not be able to do it, but Angel Gabriel forced him and made him repeat the command. Finally, Muhammad recited the words, and those words are now the first five verses of the 96th chapter of the Quran which are the words that proclaim God to be the Creator of man and the Source of all knowledge.

He initially started to tell his wife and his clan about the message sent from God. Later he began to tell everyone, but many people rejected his teachings, and some merchants constantly opposed him. Some people from his own clan also rejected his teachings. But the opposition only made him stronger, and he focused on achieving his mission. Quran rejects polytheism and emphasis on man’s moral behavior and responsibility.

What are the Main Practices and Rituals of Islam?

Islam means to Surrender or submit in Arabic. The religion began in Arabia and was revealed to humanity by Prophet Muhammad, and the followers of Islam were known as Muslims, they believe that there is only one God and that is Allah. You can read about religion and spirituality on the great blog rebeccaspardig.com. They think that God had sent prophets to teach people how to live as per his laws. Muslims base their laws on the Qur’an, and the Sunnah. Sunnah is the practical example of Prophet Muhammad, and there are five pillars of the religion which all Muslims must follow.

Islam

The following are some of the practices and rituals of Islam:

Five Pillars of Islam:

The five pillars of Islam include Shahada (Testify), Salah (Prayer), Seyam (Fasting), Zakat (Charity) and Hajj (Pilgrimage).

Shahada:

Shahada is more of commitment or a pledge that there is only one God and he is Allah. Prophet Muhammad is just messenger sent by Allah to teach people about Islam.

Salah:

Salah is an essential duty of every Muslim to pray five times a day. Before praying, all Muslims must perform a ritual called Wudu.

Seyam:

In the month of Ramadan, Muslims fast and experience how poor people suffer from hunger. During the fasting, you are not allowed to eat, drink, chew gum, smoke, etc. If someone is ill, then that person cannot fast. Women, who are pregnant, menstruating, nursing or traveling, are exempted from the fast.

Zakah:

Muslims are required to give 2.5% of his/her wealth to the poor and needy; this ensures redistribution of wealth among Muslims.

Hajj:

All believers of Allah are supposed to visit the pilgrimage to Mecca if he/she is financially able and physically well. It is a spiritual journey where everyone forgets the worldly things and devotes their lives to Allah.

Animal Sacrifice:

Followers of Islam believe that God has given the authority to kill animals and eat them. When they sacrifice an animal, they are required to mention the name of God when they kill an animal; this is done mainly to remember that God created animals and he permitted them to get benefit from them. Muslims perform animal sacrifices during special occasions in the Islamic calendar. Whenever an animal is sacrificed, a part of the meat is given to the poor.

Rites and rituals:

Muslims have simple ceremonies of welcoming a baby. They first say a prayer and they believe that the first words a newborn baby must listen are to the words of the prayer. They believe that the baby must taste something sweet for the first time, so they rub a piece of date in the baby’s mouth. Muslims shave the hair of the baby on the seventh day and weigh it and give the equivalent weight in silver to charity. Babies are usually circumcised on the seventh day, but it can be done anytime before puberty.

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